Tendency in music history - 1970-79

The music in this decade continued and developed 50- and 60-century elements from rock and injected new aspects.


This was guitar heroes arena with a tough and menacing image, with leather clothes and long hair. Musical hard, with intense vocals, hard guitars and quick, heavy drumming. New effects heavyrock echo, feedback, fuzz box, wah-pedal and distorsion.
During concerts experienced the audience a volume that one previously had not been near. Led Zeppelin was inspired by eastern music (India, Morocco) and mixed it with American blues. Black Sabbath made his image as a Satanists. Deep Purple woven into classical elements. Experimentation and long improvisations were common, and this trend took among others Led Zeppelin to the extreme towards the end of the decade. Others sought back to the fast and fierce as was typical in heavy rock earliest phase.

Glam Rock

Glam rock or glitter rock is the term for a trend in British pop that arose in the period 1971 to 1975. Glam rockers was dressed with high platform shoes, glitter, sequins and open shirts. Strongly made-up faces, multimedia show with your movies, pictures, light and sound effects did concerts to a combination of music and theater.
David Bowie was one of the big stars. He had impact of theater and pantomime in the stage show. In 1975 the group "Kiss" their breakthrough with heavy riffs, strong makeup and with clear references to "glam" and with a huge stage show that emphasized the music. Kiss had, like so many other groups, a number of sales articles related to the band, and were the first that had dolls depicting group members.

Musically this genre varies a lot. From one kind edition of hard rock, a style that in many ways is the foundation of today's pop music. With the "glam" we developed a new standard for how rock can be presented. Alice Cooper had among other things with him live snakes on stage, during a concert was a hen torn apart after Alice had thrown the animal to the public.

Elton John may not be regarded as typical glam artist, but he used many of glam rock effects in their stage costumes. He was 70's best selling recording artist in the United States and England. He was also a popular media personality. Especially were his eyeglass collection and colorful feathered famous. He had Europe's largest collection of platform shoes. Among other he had a pair of shoes with an aquarium and live fish recessed heels.

Classical- / electronic Rock

Many rock musicians began using electronic instruments in the late 1960s, including Theremin and Mellotron, (tangent instrument with "glissando sound and analog "sampling") to supplement and define sound. At the end of the decade had Moog synthesizer taken a leading role in coming progressive rock music that dominated rock through the early 1970s.

In 1973 Pink Floyd gave out the LP "Dark Side of the Moon." This album is considered the group's best and is one of the biggest sales successes. The emerged as a mature, style safely and overall work that expresses and develops moods and images.
For many this is regarded as the world's best LP.

Progressive Rock

Genesis and Jethro Tull represented both a style with a love for the mysterious, the dramatic and surreal.
Progressive rock "prog rock" or "prog" is a style that combines the genres rock, classical, psychedelic and literary music, in some cases, ancient music and medieval music.
Prog Rockens heyday are the early and mid-1970s, but towards the end of the 1970s came punk rock and disco on the court, and these genres took over much of the general popularity of "prog rock" had previously had. Among "progressive rock" big bands is "Yes", "Emerson, Lake & Palmer," "Genesis" and "King Crimson".

Symphonic Rock

Symphonic rock is a subgenre of the progressive rock. Symphonic rock had its heyday in the early 1970s and are often inspired by classical music. The hallmark of much sound effects, guitar effects and use of synthesizers. The song had often long improvisation parts and unusual time signatures. Elements from other music styles, such as classical and jazz, were woven into. Here it was the experimental stood in the center and with symphonic rock begins rock music to be advanced. "Serious" musicians played not rock before, they played jazz. But symphonic rock provides a new group of musicians space within rock. The great versatility of this genre allows it to be divided into many subgroups.

"Yes", "Genesis", "Emerson, Lake & Palmer", "Camel", "King Crimson" and "Gentle Giant" are examples of symphonic rock band.

Psychedelic Rock

Psychedelic rock is a genre of rock as a musical trying to recreate the effect of hallucinogen. The genre typically used electric guitars and studio effects like recreation projections done backwards, panning (which sound moves between stereo channels), phase control, delayed loops and extreme sound and exotic instruments like sitar and tabla. Tangent Instrument was widely used, especially Hammond organ, voxorgel, electric piano, harpsichord and Mellotron. The music is often based on long instrumental solos, modal melodies and surreal and strange lyrics. Many bands in the 60 years had arisen as psychedelic band evolved further into progressive rock bands in the 70 century. The progressive band Yes sprang from three British psychedelic band; "High," "Tomorrow" and "Mabel Greer's Toy Shop." Other bands were like "Curved Air," "King Crimson", "Manfred Mann's Earth Band," "Pink Floyd", "Procol Harum", "Quiet Sun", "Super Sister" and "The Enid." Psychedelic rock influenced, among other early "Heavy metal"-Bands as "Black Sabbath".


Punk wave started in England in 1976 and was earnest known through the band "Sex Pistols". In Scandinavia it was the Swedish "Ebba Grön" that was awesome. Unemployed youth rebelled against the complex and pompous rock music, and towards society middle- and upper. Punken searched back to the raw and simple, and used an aggressive and direct message in the lyrics and the music. Punk would be ugly, most potential bad words and taboo-overruns. The word punk has had different meanings throughout history. Punk rock led away from the recording studios and into the streets. It made it possible for young people to play rock without expensive equipment and training. An artist punk band inspired by was "Iggy Pop" and his bands "the Stooges".

Typical of punk the behavior and image were:

  • A rough insolent language.
  • Safety pins and chains in the cheeks and ears.
  • Mohawk Haircuts.
  • Ragged clothes, either too large or too small.
  • Disrespect for authorities.


Mid 70s came the disco. It is characterized by a steady 4/4-part cycle, in tempo corresponding to the dancing's heartbeat. Disko wave rolled over the western world. Especially after the movie "Saturday Night Fever" with John Travolta in the lead role, with music by "Bee Gees".
Other important bands and artists was "Village People", "Boney M", "ABBA", "Donna Summer", "Isaac Hayes" etc.

Disco was a significant part of youth culture in the 70s and was expressed through dance, fashion, film and music. Discotheques, the new and hip, and a number discos got a legendary status. One of these was New York's "Studio 54". The place was frequented by celebrities from film, theater, fashion and music. Discus should be glamorous, sensual and sexual. "Studio 54" helped to promote a life-enjoying liberated lifestyle that in the decade after to be replaced by the fear of HIV virus.


Reggae music was an offshoot of the music style "ska" which had its origins in Jamaica. The original reggae musicians professed religious orientation Rastafari, Haile Selassie after Emperor of Ethiopia (also called Ras Taffari), who will one day liberate the blacks in Jamaica and bring them back to freedom in Africa.

The rhythm and the bass plays an important role in Reggae. Important musicians are primarily Bob Marley and Peter Tosh, but also musicians like Stevie Wonder, "Police" and Tracy Chapman has been inspired by this music style. Bob Marley died of cancer in 1981. Peter Tosh was murdered in 1987.

Local hits

And in Norway we heard on Øystein Sunde: "Hunting chat" (Jaktprat), Wenche Myhre: "I and you and we two - and many more" (Jeg og du og vi to - og mange fler), ABBA: "Ring, Ring, Ring," The Rolling Stones "Angie" and Bob Dylan "Knocking on Heavens Door".

Featured Norwegian

Gro Anita Schønn (born 28 January 1950, died 24 April 2001), Norwegian singer and actress, was one of the leading female pop artists in Norway in the 70s. She had hits like "A simple song about freedom" (En enkel sang om frihet), "Is it strange one longs away in times" (Er det underlig man lengter bort i blant) and "Eviva Espana" and published six solo albums.

Stein Ingebrigtsen, pop singer and producer from Namsos punched through for a TV appearance on Talent 68 and single debuted with "Long hair" (Langt hår). Went to the top in Norway 1972 "Cento Campane", the theme song from the TV series "The magical character" (Det magiske tegnet). Other hits are "The sun always shines where you'd rather be" (Solen skinner alltid der du helst vil være) (1972), "Only You" (1973), "The song he sang once" (Den sangen han sang engang)(1974) and skate song "Storholt, Stensen, Sten home (Stenshjemmet) and Sjøbrend - åsså'n Hjallis "(1977), which was credited Stein Ingebrigtsen & Store Stand (Store Stå).

The 50's inspired band Danny & The Red Hots was founded in August 1978 by vocalist and guitarist Steinar Raaen (Drammen), guitarist Tor Schjong (Aalesund), bassist Odd Nergaard - (Trysil), pianist Brett Sødal (Ståle Sødal)(Lørenskog) and Trond Lybæk (Oslo) on drums.
Danny & The Red Hots was a band name, but it was natural enough vocalist Raaen who was nicknamed Danny. The band appeared in the movie "1958" in 1980 and had four cuts on the soundtrack album from the film. They released their own album, "Down The Line" in 1981. It was with one album, the band cracked around the end of 1980/81.

Jahn Teigen (born 27 September 1949 in Tønsberg) is a Norwegian singer. He was previously married to Anita Skorgan. Teigen actually named Jan.as first name, but uses Jahn as his artistic name. Teigen is known for songs like "Mil etter mil" (Mile after mile), "Optimist", "The most beautiful that exists" (Det vakreste som fins), "Do Re Mi" and "My first love" (Min første kjærlighet). Teigen has played with bands in Israel (Lions of Judea), England and Denmark. He was for many years the lead singer of the progressive rock group Popol Vuh (1975 Popol Ace). He has received the Spellemann Prize honorary award twice.
Jahn Teigen career is also linked with Herod False and Tom Mathisen in the crazy humor group Primavera, where he together with these toured and released a number of albums in 1977. The team's breakthrough came with great success Brakara (1978), which was filled with parodies and sarcastic humor with sleivspark in all directions and sold over 100,000 copies. The title of the album alluded to the Spanish disco group Baccara, which at the time was popular in Europe with hit songs "Yes Sir, I Can Boogie" and "Sorry, I'm a Lady", both parodied Primavera on tilttelsporet "Brakara."

Septimus was a Norwegian band from Oslo who sprang from Rune alsted Orchestra, which had started in the late 60s.
Displaying duo Double Up (Viseduoen Dobbelt Opp) with Birger Dahlman and Steinar Fjeld became members. Fjeld had some success on its own, and it was decided that the band would bet more professionally. Rune alsted withdrew when from the band. Fjeld found on the name Septimus, but for safety's sake, the band was the first time booked as Septimus with Double Up and Steinar Fjeld. Double Up name disappeared pretty quickly.
Septimus had many replacements throughout the years, and only two musicians were with constantly, drummer Kai Knutsen and Steinar Fjeld. The band had blow lot (Horn Section) the first few years and then lay heavily in the Blood, Sweat & Tears-street. Among other famous musicians who visited include Find John (Finn John) Andresen, Trond Graff and Trond Eliassen and Benny Borg substitute on a tour early 70s. Already in 1971 the band was on tour in the USA and released some singles on both RCA and EMI before they started a long recording career on Talent in 1973. Their first LP Together with Septimus was recorded live in the studio. There were several albums eventually, though none of them made their mark on hit lists.

Otherwise could perhaps be mentioned Torry Enghs, Northern Swing, Kjell Vidar, Benny Borg, and some others. I do not then, but you get a note for yourself if you want. (Just for the record, Benny Borg is Swedish).

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